The Hawaiian God
KANALOA

The following is the result of research conducted by
Randolph Craft & selected associates for the purpose
of developing a visual image to create a sculpture representing
the Hawaiian mythological entity,
The God Kanaloa.

KANALOA:
(Note: With all research from various places in Hawaii, we find little to no existing imagery to draw from to give a foundational visual reference. We are left to the creation of visual imagery that comes from the following information and further research that will be done in the circumstance of contractual commission of this sculpture.) 
From ancient times, it is believed that gods Kane and Kanaloa came together from Kahiki (foreign gods). Of one sighting of the two gods was at Keei on Maui. They traveled together as they were known to bring water sources for crops and fishing.

Kane and Kanaloa's main food was the drinking of awa. The mixing water with the awa made water a vital food source for them. The working relationship between Kane and Kanaloa was important as Kanaloa was known for finding the source of water and Kane, the execution of creating the pond or source for it.

Both Kane and Kanaloa live in a place called "lost islands" or "islands hidden by the gods". These islands may be seen on the distant horizon, sometimes never to be pointed at.

Kanaloa is:

One of four major 4 major Hawaiian deities &endash; Ku, Kane, Kanaoloa, Lono. 
Kanaloa is almost always associated with Kane, god of fresh water 
Kanaloa is described as being tall and fair, and Kane being dark with curly hair and thick lips 
Kane and Kanaloa are represented as traveling about the country establishing springs of water and seeing that they are kept clear for drinking purposes or for uses of the chiefs. Here Kanaloa acts as the urge, Kane as the executor 
Kane and Kanaloa are represented as gods living in the bodies of men in an Earthly paradise situated in a floating cloudland or other sacred and remote spot where they drink awa and are fed from a garden patch of never-failing growth 
Kane and Kanalooa are lords over the children of the gods who peopled the Earth in the early days 
Kanaloa is referred to in the Kumulipo (Hawaiian creation chant) in the 8th era (which ushers in humans) as one of three male gods. He is known as the Great Octopus. 
Kanaloa is known as the god of the squid; Kahe'ehaunawela 
Fishermen call on Kanaloa for protection 
Kane and Kanaloa are both invoked by canoe men &endash; Kane for the canoe building and Kanaloa for its sailing. In a chant consecrating a new canoe, Kanaloa is specified as the "awa drinker" (a sacred position of honor). 
Kane and Kanaloa are known in legend as the cultivators, the awa drinkers, the water finders, who migrated from Kahiki (Tahiti) and traveled about the Islands 
Kane and Kanaloa were from Kahiki (Tahiti) &endash; foreign gods. They came traveling on the surface of the sea and first caused plants for the food of the man to grow. Kamakau says that they "came from Kahiki in the shape of human beings,"were sighted off Keei, landed on Maui. 
"Here is food, O Gods, Kane and Kanaloa! Here is food for us. Give life to us and our family. Life for the parents feeble with age. Life for all in the household. When digging and planting our land, life for all." 
"O Kane, O Kanaloa, here is the taro (sacred Hawaiian plant), here is the sugar cane, the awa. See, we are eating it now." 
Kanaloa is the leader of the first company of spirits placed on Earth after Earth was separated from Heaven. These Spirits are "spit out by the gods." They rebel, led by Kanaloa because they are not allowed to eat awa. They are defeated and cast to the underworld where Kanaloa, known also as Milu, becomes ruler of the dead. (from legend of Hawaiil-loa in Kumu honua account) 
There is a hidden island of Kane and Kanaloa &endash; Kane huna moku &endash; known as the "the deathless land of beautiful people." It is forbidden to weep here. 
Kanaloa is associated with the underworld in a chant where Hawai'i is spoken of as "fished up from the very depth of Kanaloa." 
Awa is their (Kane and Kanaloa's) principal food, which leads to water finding activities, as they must have water to mix with awa. 
LEGENDS OF KANE AND KANALOA AS WATER FINDERS: 
"Kane and Kanaloa go into the precipitous mountains back of Keanae on Maui and lack water. They discuss whether it can be obtained at this height. "Oi-ana (Let it be seen)! Says Kanaloa; so Kane thrusts in his staff made of heavy, close-grained kauila wood (Alphitonia excelsa) and water gushes forth. They open the fishpond of Kanaloa at Laula'ilua and posses the water of Kou at Kaupo. They kill the kahuna Koino at Kiko'o in Kipahulu because he is guilty of defilement at mealtime. They cause sweet waters to flow at Waihee, Kahakuloa, and at Waikane on Lanai, Punakou on Molokai, Kawaihoa on Oahu. On Kauai they leave few springs because they are not recognized a gods. The impress of their forms as they slept is left on the rock above the pool of Mauhili in the Waikomo stream in Koloa district where, on the cliff below, are two pointed rocks named Waihanau and Ka-elelo-o-kahawau. Two holes are pointed out just below the road across Ohia gulch beyond Keanae on Maui where Kane dug his spear first into one hole and then into the other with the words, "This is for you, that for me." The water gushing from these apertures is called "the water of Kane and Kanaloa." The gods land at Hanauma on Oahu and springs flow at various places where the two mix awa on their way to Waolani in Nu'uanu valley. In Manoa valley they see a pretty girl and both gods try to seize her. The attendant changes into a great rock in their path, a spring of water trickles where the girl stood, and over it lean two ohia trees, symbols of the gods. This is the spring called "Water of the gods," which was sacred to Kamehameha. 
When Kane draws a figure of man on Earth, Kane's figure lives while Kanaloa's image remains in stone 
Kanaloa seduces "Eve out of the garden of Eden." He is then known as the Great White Albatross. 
Kanaloa of the Great White Albatross of Kane is the name given to him as resposible for driving the first man and the first woman out of the garden spot the gods have provided for them. 
There is a famine on the Island of Lanai. A fisher boy comes daily to a little hut has erected for his god and lays a bit of fish there, saying, "O god, here is a bit of fish for you." Kane and Kanaloa are so pleased with his piety that they bring the famine to an end. 
Fish altars have been set up to honor Kane-Ko'a along streams to increase the catch of oopu fish 
Kanaloa is said to have been worshipped with awa and aholehole (whitefish) upon his arrival from Kahiki 
Kane and Kanaloa were said to have been followed from Kahiki (Tahiti) by the amanama fish (mullet) 
Kane and Kanaloa are connected with fishponds &endash; they are credited with building the Paohua fishpond 
Kanaloa is the diety of the heiau of the po'okanaka class called Hauola at Hoea, Waiawa, on Kauai. They are worshipped as gods and a temple is built for them. 
The direction West is known in Hawai'ian lore at the "much traveled road of Kanaloa" The Ease is spoken of as the "high road traveled by Kane" or the "red road of Kane." 
The southern limit of the sun in celestial eclipse is "that of Kanaloa." The northern limit is called the "black shining road of Kane." 


Note: Varying legends and oral histories exist regarding Hawaiian gods and religions. This information was gathered from: The Hamilton Library, Mark Fukuda / Hawaiian Art consultants, Children of the Rainbow by Leinani Melville, Hawaiian Antiquities by David Malo, The Works of the People of Old by Samual Kamakau, and Arts and Crafts of Hawai'i (Religion) by Peter H. Buck.

REF: http://planit.inmaui.com/craftbros/ClientPresentations/IlikaiPres/FirstGods.htm